The new technical development of chemical colors from the west was embraced circa 1900s in Kozan studio. This empowered the more creative experiments with not only colors, but also concept of dimension, which led Makuzu Kozan's work to become a bridge between East and West aesthetics. This is particularly evident in this vase with the Masterly details of the brush strokes, the expertly employment of gradient of color, and a very realistic and detailed rendering of the fish and their vivid motions.
For two similar examples of Kozan's work with similar carps decoration, see Page 148-149 of the book: Sekai ni Aisa Reta ya Kimono Miyagawa Kozan Makuzu Ware (Japanese Edition). The item "Fine Japanese Ceramic Vase Makuzu Kozan Meiji Period" is in sale since Saturday, February 6, 2021. This item is in the category "Antiques\Asian Antiques\Japan\Vases". The seller is "gallery-t" and is located in Miami, Florida. This item can be shipped worldwide.